Winter season is here once again and what better way to prepare yourself, especially your children for harsh weather conditions and emergencies than going through a winter survival exercise? Its main goal is to prepare individuals and help them recognize crucial factors badly needed to survive an outdoor emergency this coming winter.
Here are some salient points that are going to be thoroughly discussed and reviewed throughout a winter survival exercise:
This is the first rule of thumb if you plan to go outdoors in this harsh weather condition. Boots, mittens or gloves, hat, ear warmers, and a thick jacket are recommended. Also included are snow pants, scarf, and long underwear.
Winter Emergency Priorities
Keep yourself warm and dry. You need to maintain a constant body temperature of 98.6F. So keep yourself dry, build a fire and find/build a shelter. Knowing how to administer first aid is also of great importance. Make sure you have adequate supply of water to last you for a couple of days. This is top priority on your list. When you’re waiting to be rescued make it easier for the rescue teams to find you, by using flares, for instance. High caloric foods are also needed to keep you warm such as candy and nuts. Keep a portable generator nearby because you never know when you might need it. Check out this link to find out more about it.
What happens during Hypothermia?
Once you lose too much heat and your temperature becomes lower than 96 degrees, your brain dims, you lose muscle coordination and you will start shivering. Below 93 degrees, you will lose the ability to reason, move muscles, and violent shivering occurs. Below 87 degrees you can lose consciousness and by 78 degrees you can die.
Knowing the early Warning Signs:
By this time you will experience memory loss, incoherence, disorientation, drowsiness, exhaustion, slurred speech and uncontrollable shivering. Medical care must be given to an individual whose temperature has reached below 95F. Consequently, you will know the person is experiencing frostbite when you see damage to the skin due to extreme cold. This goes all the way down to the tissues and ice crystals underneath the skin will begin to destroy the cells. Frostbite usually attacks the extremities first, or the most exposed areas. You can recognize it when you see yellow-white or grayish spots on the person’s skin.
Recall the STOP Plan during an Emergency
S – Stop and stay put.
T – Think and plan what you’re going to do.
O – Observe your surroundings for things that can help you.
P – Plan your next move for the next couple of hours and days.
These are just some of the crucial things you are going to learn when you go through a winter survival exercise. Aside from knowing what to do during emergencies, you’ll also be taught the right things to pack, prioritizing the essentials from non-essentials. You always hope that you won’t find yourself in this situation; then again, it’s always better when you’re prepared for anything that may come your way.